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History of The United States Supreme Court Quiz

Instructions: Answer each question to the best of your ability. Once you select an answer, you will then find out if it is correct or not. There will also be an explanation to help you learn more about history. An orange “Continue” button will appear and allow you to move to the next question.

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Each member of the United States Supreme Court is known by what title?
Jurors
Justices
Jures
Senators

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What founding father was the first Chief Justice of the United States Supreme Court?
John Jay
Roger Sherman
Benjamin Franklin
Curtis Tollover

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One of the most infamous rulings by the Supreme Court of the United States came following what 1857 case where the Court decided that constitutional rights didn't extend to Black Americans because of their ancestry?
Plessy v. Ferguson
Dred Scott v. Stanford
Rogers v. The State of Massachusetts
Gail v. Loring

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Another major racial case in Supreme Court history was which trial where the Court decided that segregation was legal?
Andrews v. Simpson
Plessy v. Ferguson
Loving v. Virginia
Pleasance v. Matthews

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In Plessy v. Ferguson, the Supreme Court decided that segregation was fair so long as the two separate accommodations followed what rule of thumb?
1/3 of quality
Separate but equal
At the very least functional
Existing in a private space rather than a public one

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The doctrine of separate but equal in segregation was struck down in the Supreme Court during the case Brown v. the Board of Education of what city?
Topeka
Chicago
Little Rock
Cheyenne

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What man successfully argued Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas and later became the first African American Justice of the Supreme Court?
Wendell Roberts
Theodore Culter
Johnnie Cochran
Thurgood Marshall

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What is the common name given to the practice of the Supreme Court where its Justices can decide if acts by other branches of government are unconstitutional?
Judicial pledges
Judicial review
Vetoes
Decrees

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What Supreme Court case established the practice of judicial review after an American President tried to nullify political appointments?
Marbury v. Madison
Kent v. Adams
Lowell v. Jefferson
Fisher v. Monroe

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In the 1919 case Abrams v. United States, the Supreme Court ruled against the freedom of criticisms that an anti-war protesting group levied against the government following what war?
The American Civil War
The Spanish-American War
World War One
World War Two

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The process of judicial activism, where the Supreme Court looks at the spirit of the law and the social context around a case is opposed to what other ideology where Justices instead look at only the letter of the law rather than its spirit?
Judicial restraint
Judicial nadir
Judicial absolutism
Judicial Relativism

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What man was the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court from 1953 to 1969 who helped oversee the Civil Rights Era according to his philosophy of judicial activism?
Warren Burger
John Roberts
Earl Warren
Nelson Anderson

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A number of Supreme Court cases with social implications have been solved by the Equal Protection Clause that is a part of what amendment?
The 1st Amendment
The 10th Amendment
The 14th Amendment
The 20th Amendment

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Who was the only American president to have also served as the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court?
James Monroe
Rutherford B. Hayes
William H. Taft
Herbert Hoover

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In 1996, the Supreme Court established that people apprehended by the police had to be informed of their rights. Because of the name of the case's plaintiff, these rights are commonly called which of the following?
Darling Rights
Miranda Rights
Underhill Rights
Downing Rights

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When the Supreme Court was originally established, how many total Justices (including the Chief Justice) were meant to serve in it at a time?
History of The United States Supreme Court Quiz
15
13
10
6

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What American president signed the Judiciary Act of 1869 which made increased the number of Supreme Court Justices from six to nine?
Zachary Taylor
Ulysses S. Grant
Abraham Lincoln
John Tyler

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What 1963 Supreme Court case established the rule that those who couldn't afford attorneys would be appointed representation by the state?
Bakke v. California
Ogden v. Yowell
Gideon v. Wainright
Klaus v. Sherman

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Standard Oil Co. v. United States was a landmark case that established the government's power to break up monopolies. What famous entrepreneur founded Standard Oil and led the fight against the Supreme Court during this case?
John Rockefeller
J. P. Morgan
Andrew Carnegie
Henry Ford

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The case to dismantle Standard Oil was based on anti-monopoly legislation found in what famous law?
The Sherman Antitrust Act
The Dobbs Antitrust Act
The Logans Antitrust Act
The Carver Antitrust Act

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What 1989 Supreme Court case established that burning the American flag was technically protected speech under the First Amendment?
Marbury v. Madison
Louis v. Montana
Texas v. Johnson
Mason v. Maryland

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Another truly harrowing Supreme Court decision came during what 1927 case where it was ruled that "feeble-minded" people could be sterilized against their will "for the good of the gene pool"?
Buck v. Bell
Crabtree v. Minnesota
Cobb v. United States
Chase v. Alabama

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2015's Supreme Court case Obergefell v. Hodges was one of the more recent ground-breaking Supreme Court cases because it legalized what practice throughout the U.S.A.?
Abortion
Tax evasion
Gay marriage
Interracial marriage

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The Due Process Clause has been a major precedent which has resolved multiple Supreme Court cases over the years. In what constitutional amendment is the Due Process Clause found?
The First Amendment
The Second Amendment
The Fifth Amendment
The Ninth Amendment

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What 1973 Supreme Court case remains one of the most controversial in the institution's history since it established the legality of abortion?
Kinney v. Douglass
Roe v. Wade
Blackburn v. Tennessee
Morica v. United States

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In what year did the Supreme Court overturn Roe v. Wade leaving it up to states to determine whether or not abortion would be legal within their borders?
2003
2010
2016
2022

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One of the most famous Supreme Court Justices of recent times was what "Notorious" woman who served on the bench from 1993 to 2020 and was famous for her fiery dissenting opinions?
Edina Spiner-Hooke
Eloise Marshall
Sandra Day O'Connor
Ruth Bader Ginsburg

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The Supreme Court case Loving v. Virginia legalized what practice throughout the United States?
Interracial marriage
Adoption
Changing one's legal name
Voting through mail

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In 1978, the Supreme Court heard what case where they ruled that affirmative action programs were legal?
Bakke v. University of California
Hodgens v. University of Kansas
Friedan v. University of Vermont
Salt v. University of Arizona

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What Justice appointed by Ronald Reagan became the first female member of the Supreme Court?
Sandra Day O'Connor
Melanie Albright
Lou-Ann Hart
Gracie Kent-Kearns

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